If a simple hike or camp out goes terribly wrong and you end up being lost in the wilds, rule number one is to survive long enough to be rescued. It is common knowledge that a human being can survive on water alone for weeks or months even. But what if you don’t have enough supply of drinking water? The amount of water that must be consumed in order to survive is around two quarts a day. Of course, that is discounting the fact that the weather may be too hot or too cold, in which case, two quarts just won’t cut it.
Another survival must-do is to stay where you are and wait for rescue. That’s just fine if you were stuck near a body of water. If this was the case, all you have to do is purify the water and you’ll be okay. Water purification is getting rid of contaminants from the dirty water mainly by boiling. All you need is a container, a heat source to boil water and a piece of cloth to filter the water first. Boil the water for at least ten minutes.
In a scenario where you don’t have any of the mentioned items, summon the inner MacGyver in you and make do with what you have and what you can find. Discarded soda cans, plastic bottles, sheets of plastic, shells, and large leaves can be used to hold or gather water. For the heat source, the survival skill of starting a fire comes in handy. The heat from the scorching sun can also be used.
If there is no body of water in the vicinity, rain water is perfect. Look for water collecting on the leaves of plants. You can also collect dew drops that appear early in the morning. Just be sure to collect them before they evaporate.
Moist soil can be a source of water through solar distillation. Vegetation is a tell-tale mark there is water to be found. Dig a hole deep and wide enough to fit your container. Place a sheet of plastic over the hole and fasten it along the sides. Find a small stone and place it at the middle of the plastic sheet forming a funnel-like shape. The heat from the sun will evaporate water from the moist soil and the plastic sheet will sort of catch the dew after condensation takes place.
If worse comes to worst, urine can be made drinkable using the same process as the one mentioned above.
You never know when tragedy will strike and a simple woodland adventure would turn into the survival adventure of a lifetime. It pays to know of some survival skills. Don’t pay with your own life.